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Wehrmacht Schreibstube living history

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Wed, March 13, 2019 10:21PM
Photos from WWII reenactment events in Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, and Ohio, USA, December 2018-March 2019.

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Modern equivalents to WWII paper

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Sun, November 04, 2018 10:47PM

You can't have a Schreibstube, without paper.

I collect many different types of wartime paper items including Feldpost letters, identity documents, passes, ration and personal kit item packaging and other ephemera from the war years. Paper used during the war came in a wide variety of textures, colors, and thicknesses but there are characteristics that I associate with wartime paper in general. Materials shortages necessitated the use of even things like potato stalks in German paper, it was different from most paper commonly used today. Most commercially available modern paper is made differently from what was used in the first half of the twentieth century, in general. Modern paper is brighter and smoother whereas wartime paper was often rougher, with a slightly mottled appearance. Of course there were exceptions to this, smooth paper did exist back then.

Having a Schreibstube necessitates having a variety of different kinds of paper for different documents and purposes. I have found it very difficult to source exact modern equivalents for wartime paper, but I have been able to amass a lot of usable paper that looks close enough to fall generally within the very wide range of what was used. To reiterate, you are looking for paper that is not bright white, and that has some texture. One thing I do from time to time is go to an art supply store and look at sketch pads. There are a lot of different types of these pads available and many have usable paper. I will also look at stationery and try to find nice paper with subtle watermarks, or without watermarks, or various kinds of natural colored or off-white stock for specific projects.

One thing you can keep an eye out for is paper with a high recycled content that has not been bleached to bright white. Paper and envelopes in “Recyclinggrau” color, that may be available in Germany, look great.

If you look at pads of “kraft” paper, or colored “construction paper,” you may find usable stuff for making envelopes, small passes or ID documents, or other specific purposes. Here in the US, dollar stores often have sketch pads with thin newsprint type paper that is great.

Newsprint in general is very good to have and is widely available in pads. The issue with this is that it doesn’t stand up to fountain pen ink, which will bleed and feather. So newsprint alone is not suitable for all purposes.There is paper that is marketed today specifically for fountain pen use.

A lot of these pads of paper are 9” x 12” which is ideal as you can cut that down to the DIN A4 size that is and was standard in Germany.

Lastly, keep an eye out for actual vintage paper. In antique shops and thrift stores you can sometimes find old typewriter paper or old notebooks. Even small notebooks can yield great paper for typewritten Soldbuch inserts or other small documents. And old books may have blank end pages that can be utilized.

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At the Gap

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Tue, January 26, 2016 01:22PM

I'm leaving today for the event at Fort Indiantown Gap, PA, and won't be back until Sunday. I can't ship any orders until next week. Sorry for the inconvenience.

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The Schreiber Impression in Living History: a guide for beginners

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Sat, August 08, 2015 02:17AM

I've been having a busy summer and the new In Trenches web shop is still not ready for its debut. In the meantime, I wanted to post this new article. Every reenactment group needs a clerk to issue identity documents and other paperwork. This article is a guide for people interested in this unique specialty impression, it contains tips for how to get started and ideas for the practical application of this skill in a living history context.

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Schreibstube, Fort Indiantown Gap PA January 2015

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Wed, February 04, 2015 05:18PM
Some photos from a Schreibstube. This was a collaborative effort between people from different groups. Larger versions of these photos here.

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Paperwork for a living history impression

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Tue, January 06, 2015 04:35PM

I am often asked what would constitute an ideal set of paperwork for a first-person persona in reenacting. My answer is always that the best paperwork that a reenactor can carry is paperwork that he understands and that he can relate to his persona. The Soldbuch is the crux of personal paperwork and knowing what is written in there and what everything means is a key step in a first person impression. The flap in the back of the Soldbuch is a good place to keep things like period photos, most are small and fit in there easily. Anything that you can understand and explain and build a story around will be better to carry than even perfect reproduction paperwork if you don't know what it means or how it relates to the character you represent.

In the realities of war, there were an endless number of variables regarding what paperwork was carried. There were regulations, of course, but these regulations seem to have been more or less widely disregarded, and much of what was actually carried on a day-to-day basis seems to have depended heavily on such variables as personal preference, unit or type of unit, area of operations, etc. It seems like there were few hard and fast rules as to what was carried and what was not, what was retained and what was discarded. The Wehrpass was not supposed to have been carried by the individual soldier but some soldiers went into captivity carrying these so this must have happened at some times, for some reasons. I have a Wehrpass of a man from Hamburg who was a prisoner of the Americans, the book contains a wide variety of smaller IDs and paperwork including a certificate attesting that the man's Soldbuch was destroyed by enemy action, this may be why he held on to the Wehrpass. Having said all that, here are my personal conclusions based on my studies of more or less untouched paperwork groupings. Others may have come to different conclusions.
SOLDBUCH: As stated, this was the basic individual ID and is the cornerstone of personal paperwork from a reenactment perspective. Some soldiers were issued Merkblaetter which were small leaflets about topics including gas warfare and various ailments, these leaflets were supposed to have been glued into the Soldbuch but the majority of original Soldbuecher, including many books issued early on and carried throughout the war on all fronts, do not have these (even when other various documents are still associated with the Soldbuch) and so their issue was either rather limited or the mandate to keep these in the Soldbuch was widely ignored.

OTHER ID DOCUMENTS: Soldiers were issued many different kinds of lesser ID documents which were issued right down to Kompanie level in some cases. This category can include things as simple as small signed and stamped paper scraps attesting that the soldier belonged to a particular unit, as well as various kinds of photo IDs such as the military driver's license or the Dienstausweis, and all kinds of passes and permits.
TRAVEL DOCUMENTS: Soldiers do seem to have retained various kinds of travel documents such as the Dienstreiseausweis or the Wehrmachtfahrschein even when the travel was completed, for whatever reason. There were also documents that permitted soldiers more or less free travel in specific areas for specific purposes, these also seem to have been retained. There were also passes to enter certain cities, some of these were valid only for a specific occasion, others were valid for longer periods.

AWARD DOCUMENTS: Some have stated that award documents were to be kept in the Soldbuch. Based on my studies, I do not believe that award documents were carried in the Soldbuch most of the time. No doubt they were carried in the field for a period immediately after issue, but the official entries in the Soldbuch would seem to make carrying the associated documents redundant.

LETTERS FROM HOME: Regulations stipulated that letters from home were not to be carried in the field to deny the enemy any intelligence contained therein. In reality, soldiers did keep and carry these, sometimes accumulating large numbers of them when circumstances permitted. I feel that these are a must; Feldpost was second only to ammunition in the supply system, getting mail from home was an important feature of the life of the Landser.
PERSONAL STUFF: By this, I mean really personal. Many soldiers carried small booklets in which they would record addresses. Keeping records of mail sent and received was also common. Some soldiers kept journals in these small notebooks. They seem to have been very common. Photos of loved ones were also carried by very many soldiers.

EPHEMERA: I find lots of stuff in paperwork groupings that were intended to be discarded but that were kept for whatever reason. A page from a calendar, a little piece of newspaper, a blank form or a receipt for hay or for cabbage, perhaps these were used as bookmarks, perhaps they had some personal significance known only to the soldier, or maybe it was just pocket trash. Some companies would even send advertisements in various forms to soldiers at the front and sometimes the recipients would hold on to these.

CIVILIAN STUFF: Many soldiers seemed to have carried documents related to their civilian lives, even when these documents would seem to have been useless at the front. Insurance cards, post office box receipts, paperwork regarding bank accounts, or similar stuff.

The paperwork that you can carry is limited only by your imagination. I have held many untouched paperwork groupings as carried by German soldiers and have never found one loaded with Reichsmarks and porn as carried by so many reenactors. It is far more common to find a couple of plain-looking pictures, a local provisional ID or travel permit, perhaps a letter from home or a certificate relating to the soldier's civilian life, and a scrap of paper with seemingly random notes, their significance lost to time.

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Schreibstube display, Fort Taber, New Bedford MA 2013

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Mon, June 24, 2013 09:07AM

Some pictures of a Schreibstube display from the 2013 Fort Taber D-Day commemoration can be found here.

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Display, Collings Foundation WWII Weekend October 2012

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Thu, October 18, 2012 04:25PM

Some photos from a Schreibstube display. Larger versions of these photos here.

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Small field desk set-up

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Tue, September 18, 2012 10:28AM

A small field desk set up at Odessa NY, September 2012.

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Schreibstube display, Fort Taber, New Bedford MA

Living HistoryPosted by Chris Pittman Tue, June 12, 2012 10:27AM

Here are some pictures from a small display at the annual D-Day commemoration at Fort Taber in New Bedford, Massachusetts, June 2012. Fort Taber is a 19th century fort that is not that much different from fortifications made in Europe at the same time and later used by the Wehrmacht as munitions depots and for other purposes. This vignette depicts the work stations of a Hauptfeldwebel and Schreiber in the Kompanie-Schreibstube.

The folding table is stocked with supplies for filling out the Soldbuch. The field desk has binders and also some small boxes to keep supplies organized. On top of the
field desk is a wooden box containing the Wehrpaesse for the Kompanie, and a 1935 typewriter. Field desk with binders.

Work station with stamps and stamp stands, period type bakelite and metal stamp pads, pens, ink, a small rocker blotter, pencil tin, etc.Two work stations facing each other seems to be a common feature in
original Schreibstube photos.

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